An ocean of chimney sweeps, a river of smokestacks and a street sweeping.
It’s a scene of industrialisation and urbanisation at the heart of the coastal city of Sydney, with its iconic harbourfront and picturesque waterfront, and its growing population.
For a generation, the city has been a model of social mobility and the promise of the future.
But now it is experiencing a huge population increase, a result of the arrival of the millions of people who have moved to the suburbs and are making the city’s streets increasingly congested.
In many ways, Sydney has changed, but the way it has changed is a big part of the story, according to researchers.
“We see a lot of changes happening in Sydney at the moment, particularly in terms of population,” said Professor Mark Williams, a demographer with the Centre for International and Regional Studies.
For a city of 1.6 million, the number of people living in Sydney has increased by more than 400,000 people in the last decade, and by more then 500,000 in the previous two decades.
The growth in Sydney’s population is driven by the influx of people from overseas.
A growing number of new arrivals are coming from China, Japan and India, and more are arriving from the United States, the United Kingdom and other parts of Europe.
They are all entering Sydney in waves, but at different rates.
This has made Sydney a magnet for new arrivals, particularly those from Asia.
One recent survey found that between 2008 and 2016, more than a third of those arriving in Australia had lived in Sydney.
However, they are also finding that the city is changing, with a growing number moving to the city from outside the city, and from the suburbs.
Some are finding the city increasingly unaffordable, while others have found it increasingly unaffordably large.
What’s going on in Sydney?
The city is a mix of old and new, but its growth is driven mainly by the growth of the number and quality of people coming from overseas, and the increasing number of foreign-born residents, according the University of Sydney.
It is the first time that the number in Sydney is increasing at such a rate in a generation.
The growth of foreign nationals has led to an increase in the number with no qualifications in Sydney, the university’s demographer, Dr John Grewal, said.
Many of the people who come here have no qualifications, and it is not clear if they will have the skills to get in.
More people are moving from Sydney to places outside the state.
There is an increase of people in Sydney moving to areas with high unemployment and low incomes.
And a big increase in immigration is also creating a lot more competition for jobs.
So the number coming to Sydney from overseas is growing faster than the number leaving, he said.
“In the past, there was a lot less immigration into the city,” Dr Grewals said.
“Now we are seeing the result of immigration.”
“This is not the usual picture of a city growing at the same rate as the population.”
What’s happening to Sydney?
There are more than 8 million people in NSW, compared to 6.6 m people in 2005.
At the same time, there are more people in other parts a city than there are people in it.
Australia’s population has increased from 4.4 million to 6 million since 1975.
The state’s population increased by almost 300,000, from 4 million to 7.1 million.
As of March, the population of Victoria had grown by more people than Sydney’s by almost 2.2 million.
The numbers in Sydney have continued to grow, though, with the state’s new census figures showing an increase from 3.2 to 4.5 per cent, and a further 1.4 per cent in the metropolitan area.
There is also a significant increase in Sydney with the city having nearly 7 million people now, up from 6.4 m people.
According to the Census, Sydney’s share of population in the past five years has risen from 16.4 to 22.7 per cent.
The population in metropolitan areas is growing rapidly.
Dr Williams said the city was becoming a magnet of people with no qualification, a trend that has not been replicated in other major cities.
He said the population increase was also linked to an ageing population.
Most of the migrants coming to the region are aged between 30 and 60, he added.
“It’s not just an influx of workers, but a surge of people aged between 60 and 70, and then the population that has been brought into Sydney over the past 20 years is now being brought into Melbourne,” Dr Williams said.